Air France Open Skies Agreement
The agreement with the European Union (EU) authorizes the use of a European airline for travel outside the United States. Iceland and Norway are not members of the EU, but are members of the EU Air Services Agreement. It is the only one of these four agreements that allows an origin or destination in a third country as long as the flight in the EU is over. This list identifies all the current open-ski partners who: in November 2018, the UK has entered into an individual open skiing agreement with the US, which will replace the EU agreement after Brexit.  The contract disappointed European airlines because they felt chosen for US airlines: while US airlines are allowed to operate domestic-EU flights (when it is an all-cargo flight or a passenger flight, if this is the second leg of a flight launched in the United States), European airlines are not allowed to fly in-house or acquire a controlling interest in a U.S. operator.  The agreement replaced and replaced the old open skies agreements between the United States and some European countries. As part of the agreement, London Heathrow was open to full competition. This is the end of the exclusive right granted to only two American airlines and two British airlines (introduced in 1977 under the Bermuda II Agreement and for which UK foreign traffic rights are in effect in the United States) to fly transatlantic flights from Heathrow. These four airlines were British Airways, Virgin Atlantic, United Airlines and American Airlines.
The initial agreement was signed on April 30, 2007 in Washington, D.C. The agreement entered into force on March 30, 2008. The second phase was signed in June 2010 and has been applied on an interim basis until all signatories are ratified.  New negotiations between the EU and the US began in 2008 and resulted in the signing of a second phase agreement in 2010. This protocol builds on the first agreement and covers additional investment and market access opportunities. In addition, the framework for cooperation in regulatory areas, such as security, social aspects and in particular the environment, will be strengthened, as both sides have agreed on a specific joint environmental declaration. Agreements with Australia, Switzerland and Japan allow the use of an Australian, Swiss or Japanese air carrier for international travel between the United States and these countries as long as there is no “City Pair” fare between the cities of origin and destination. The agreement came into force on June 29, 2020.