The Riyadh Agreement Yemen
The agreement provides for various procedures to put state institutions in operation, the most important of which are: Chair of the Redeployment Coordination Committee Lt. Gen. (Ret) Abhijit Guha said: “There has been important progress but challenges persist, including periodic violence that undermines the spirit of the Hodeidah agreement.” Meanwhile, several complications hinder the implementation of the Riyadh agreement, in addition to its rejection by some southern forces, in particular what was declared by the Supreme Council of the South American Movement, which rejected the agreement “as a whole” on 2 August, suggesting protests to defend the demand for separation and restoration of the South Yemeni state. The agreement provides for the formation of a new technocratic government, with no more than 24 ministers. The agreement allows a Saudi military presence in the UAE`s areas of influence in southern coastal cities, in addition to the existing armed forces in Shabwa, Mahra and Hadhramawt. Saudi numbers began to rise after the events of August, under the pretext of respecting the ceasefire and preventing any further military escalation, and their units are and are still replacing their Emirati counterparts at military bases, at Aden airport and at coalition headquarters. This will only improve with Saudi oversight of the implementation of the agreement.7 Hani Ben Brik, STC Vice-President, said on Twitter that the suspension of negotiations by the STC in protest at the “irresponsible attitude of the parties” towards the Riyadh agreement was necessary and necessary to put pressure on a full commitment to the agreement. Al Jazeera looks below at some of the key features of the agreement. The Riyadh Agreement has suffered many setbacks and has never been implemented, but Saudi Arabia made another breakthrough in July to drive the process. On 5 November 2019, a power-sharing agreement was signed in Riyadh between the Saudi-backed Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi government and the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council. The document contains a number of points and exemptions, including a division of power between North and South and the return of Prime Minister Moeen Abdelmalek to Aden for the creation of state institutions. It also includes three annexes, covering a number of political, economic, military and security issues, the implementation of which is overseen by Saudi Arabia. Yemeni author and political researcher Abdel Nasser al-Mouwadea told Al-Monitor: “This agreement has established Saudi Arabia as a guardian state over the southern regions, according to which it will monitor and administer the forces present there, whether separatist forces or those of President [Abed Rabbo Mansour] Hadi.
Saudi Arabia will also take care of the merger process and the training of counter-terrorism forces and will determine the missions of these forces and the areas of their deployment. Forces heading towards Aden, Abyan and Shabwa, the site of deadly clashes between government forces and the STC, are expected to return to their original positions as part of the agreement. CAIRO (Reuters) – Separatists in southern Yemen have suspended their participation in consultations on a power-sharing agreement in the south known as the Riyadh Agreement, according to a statement from the Southern Transitional Council (STC) on Tuesday. Despite initial optimism following the signing of the Riyadh Agreement in December 2019 and once again after the signing of the implementation mechanism, the main provisions of the agreement are not being fulfilled. Implementation should be gradual, starting with the end of media wars, the end of the real fighting on the ground and, finally, the political fusion into a unity government.