Turkey Agreement Of 1923

For amounts collected before May 15, 1923, reimbursement is not entitled. Made in Lausanne, on July 24, 1923, in a single copy, deposited in the archives of the government of the French Republic, that each of the contracting powers hand over a certified copy. Roumania and Turkey agree on a fair settlement of the working conditions of the Constanza-Constantinople cable. If the agreement is not reached, the matter will be settled by arbitration. The Turks regard the Convention as a founding document of the Turkish Republic, as described by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in his speech before the mayors` meeting on the Ankara presidential site, where President Erdogan again mentions the treaty and calls for a revision of the second Treaty of Lausanne, signed in 1923, followed by the installation of the borders of modern Turkey after the First World War. Erdogan said that “Turkey`s adversaries” had forced her to sign the “Sevres Treaty” in 1920 and had signed the “Treaty of Lausanne” in 1923, which is why Turkey left the Aegean islands to Greece, and Erdogan described the Treaty of Sevres as the first odd fork for forcing Turkey to abandon vast lands under its influence. Subject to any agreement between governments exercising authority in the countries separated from Turkey and the governments of the countries in which these persons are established and Turkish nationals over the age of 18, originating from a territory separated from Turkey under this Treaty and usually residing abroad when they come into force , may opt for the nationality of the territory. of which they have nationality when they belong to the majority of the population of that territory on the basis of their race and the consent of the government exercising the authority exercised there. This right to vote must be exercised within two years of the entry into force of this treaty. If the cables or parts transferred under the previous paragraph are private property, the governments to which this property is transferred must compensate the owners. In the event of a non-agreement in accordance with the amount of compensation, this amount will be determined by an arbitration procedure.

The treatment of beings originating or destined for the territories whose inhabitants benefit from the provisions of the first paragraph of this article is submitted in Turkey and, conversely, the treatment of beings originating in Turkey or destined for Turkey is regulated in these areas by mutual agreement between the French and Turkish authorities. After the withdrawal of Greek troops in Asia Minor and the expulsion of the Ottoman sultan by the Turkish army under the command of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the Kemalist government of the Turkish National Movement, based in Ankara, rejected the territorial losses caused by the Treaty of Sevres of 1920, previously signed by the Ottoman Empire.

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