What Is A Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement

The most significant of the land claims confrontations was the Oka Crisis in the summer of 1990, when a long-standing dispute over land ownership, tensions within the Mohawk community of Kanesatake and with the local population of Oka merged into an epidemic that included blockades, the death of a provincial police officer, an impasse between Mohawk warriors and Canadian soldiers. and violence and destruction by civilians on both sides. The case has attracted international attention. On May 31, 1991, the House of Commons Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs produced a report on the events with recommendations that were later incorporated into the Federal Policy on Demand. However, significant issues affecting the Mohawks of Kanesatake and Kahnawake are still ongoing. The Eeyou Marine Region Land Claims Agreement covers the claims of the Cree of Eeyou Istchee, a region of northwestern Quebec and the James and Hudson Bay Islands. The region`s oceans and waterways continue to be used by the Cree in traditional ways for hunting marine mammals and waterfowl, as well as fishing. Almost all Eeyou Istchee Indigenous peoples live in five communities on the shores of James Bay and southern Hudson Bay, as well as in four inland communities. Expected outcomes of modern treaty negotiation and implementation include stable and sustainable Aboriginal governments, control and jurisdiction over programs and services, clarity and security of ownership and access to land and resources, and a stable and predictable environment for economic development. The implementation of performance measurement strategies allows for the collection of data to support it: Under the Policy on Inherent Rights, the Canadian government`s recognition of the inherent right to self-government is based on the view that Canada`s Aboriginal peoples have the right to govern themselves in matters within their communities. are an integral part of their unique cultures, identities, traditions, languages and institutions and in relation to their special relationship with their country and resources.

Self-government agreements establish provisions that allow indigenous groups to manage their internal affairs and to assume greater responsibility and control over decision-making that affects their communities. Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (1993): Northern Canada – includes the districts of Franklin (central Nunavut), Keewatin (south-central Nunavut, northwest coast of Hudson Bay), Baffin Island (southeastern part of Nunavut) and Ellesmere Island (northern part of Nunavut). Includes (but is not limited to) Arctic Bay, Arviat, Baker Lake, Bathurst Inlet, Cambridge Bay, Canadian Forces Station (CFS) Alert, Cape Dorset, Chesterfield Inlet, Clyde River, Eureka, Gjoa Haven, Grise Fiord, Hall Beach, Igloolik, Iqaluit, Kimmirut, Kugluktuk, Nanisivik, Pangnirtung, Pelly Bay, Pond Inlet, Qikiqtarjuaq, Rankin Inlet, Repulse Bay, Resolute, Sanikiluaq, Taloyoak, Umingmaktok and Whale Cove. The Royal Proclamation of 1763 reserved an unspecified area of present-day Canada for the use of Indigenous peoples and prohibited any unauthorized purchase or possession of these lands by settlers. After Confederation, the British and Canadian governments entered into treaties with various groups of Indigenous peoples to legitimize European settlement in their countries. Comprehensive land claims agreements and self-government agreements (hereinafter referred to as “modern treaties”) are based on two federal government policies: the Comprehensive Land Claims Policy (1986); and the Government of Canada`s approach to the implementation of the Inherent Act and the negotiation of Aboriginal self-government (1995) – more commonly referred to as the Policy on Inherent Rights. The maximum amount to be paid varies each year depending on the amounts negotiated between Canada and the respective eligible recipient […].

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